Periodontal disease is another name for gum disease. It can occur for a number of reasons, and if it progresses, it can result in tooth loss. Still, the inflammation that causes periodontal disease can be reversed with good oral hygiene and proper professional dental care, such as the scaling of the teeth beneath the gums. However, prevention is the best form of treatment. Here are a few preventable causes of periodontal disease:
Use of Tobacco Products
Tobacco products, such as cigarettes and chewing tobacco, can irritate and inflame the sensitive soft tissues of the gums. Once the gums become inflamed, they may begin to display symptoms of gum disease, such as redness, swelling, and soreness.
People who smoke or chew tobacco are more likely to develop gum disease. In addition, the gums of a smoker may not respond as quickly to treatment, due to a slowing of the healing process. Smokers often have impaired circulation and a reduction in blood oxygen levels. These factors can affect the rate of wound healing.
Although some people may feel that they do not have control over grinding their teeth at night, they can choose to wear a mouth guard. The pressure associated with grinding the teeth can be great enough to wound sensitive gingival tissues. These injuries can make gum disease more likely to develop.
To reduce the likelihood of periodontal disease, people who suffer from bruxism should wear a mouth guard nightly. If teeth grinding is observed during the day, stress reduction exercises, such as deep breathing, can be used to lessen the frequency.
Lack of Dental Hygiene
The dental hygiene practices of a patient can affect his or her likelihood of gum disease. People who brush and floss regularly remove bacteria that release toxic substances that inflame the gums. As bacteria feed, they excrete acid. The acid not only causes tooth decay. It can also cause inflammation of the gums.
In addition to brushing and flossing, an oral irrigator can also be used to clean bacteria and plaque from along the gum line to promote better gingival health.
Dental hygiene efforts at home should be paired with those conducted in a professional dental office. Regular cleanings and other types of preventive care can help ensure that tartar is removed so that bacteria are not harbored in the calculus buildup that may lie next to the gums.
To learn more ways to help prevent periodontal disease, schedule a consultation with a dentist at a clinic like Hamilton Smile Design Dental Care.